Oocytes' predation of Piaractus mesopotamicus ("pacu-caranha") by Macrobrachium amazonicum, under laboratory conditions

  • Thiago Elias da SILVA Pós graduação, Instituto de Biociências – UNESP
  • Fabiano Gazzi TADDEI Laboratório de Estudos dos Crustáceos Amazônicos (LECAM), Universidade do Estado do Amazonas (UEA), Centro de Estudos Superiores de Parintins (CESP).

Abstract

The preference of predation on oocytes of Piaractus mesopotamicus, commonly known as ‘pacucaranha’, by the prawn Macrobrachium amazonicum, under laboratory conditions, was evaluated regarding to other food items. The prawns were collected with sieves placed below the underwater vegetation, and maintained in aquarium (12 L each) at a density of 10 individuals/aquarium for acclimatization. Oocytes (O) of P. mesopotamicus were obtained from the disposal of artisanal fishery. Artificial feed (R), fish muscle (M), organic matter accumulated in roots of Salvinia sp. (S) and plant organic matter in decomposition (MV) items were used to compare the preference by M. amazonicum. In all experiments, the average of the prawns preying oocytes were higher; significant differences were detected only when comparing O/P and O/M. The preference for oocytes may be due to the presence of yolk, which has a high nutritional value and easy assimilation, in contrast to others items, which present certain rigidity. This prawn species is exotic on site and the results of this study show a possible environmental impact on P. mesopotamicus in the region.

References

ABIMORAD, E.G. 2008 Digestibilidade e exigência de aminoácidos para juvenis de pacu, Piaractus mesopotamicus. Jaboticabal. 87p. (Tese de Doutorado. Centro de Aquicultura da UNESP, CAUNESP). Disponível em: http://www.caunesp.unesp.br/publicações/dissertaçoeseteses
/teses/Tese%eduardo%abimorad%.pdf Acesso em: 23 nov. 2012.

BAKHTIYAR, Y.; SAMYAL, A.; KUMARI, A.;LANGER, S. 2012 Studies on the food
preferences of Macrobrachium dayanum and Labeo rohita under laboratory condition. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture Sciences, 2(3):
199-206.

BAXTER, C.V.; FAUSCH, K.D.; MURAKAMI, M.; CHAPMAN, P.L. 2004 Fish invasion restructures stream and forest food webs by interrupting reciprocal prey subsidies. Ecology, 85: 2656–2663.

BIALETZKI, A.; NAKATANI, K.; BAUMGARTNER,G.; BOND-BUCKUP, G. 1997 Occurrence of Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller) (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) in Leopoldo's inlet (Ressaco do Leopoldo), upper Paraná river, Porto Rico, Paraná, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 14(2): 379-390.

COLLINS, P.A. e PAGGI, J.C. 1998 Feeding ecology of Macrobrachium borellii (Nobili) (Decapoda:Palaemonidae) in flood valley of river Paraná Argentina. Hydrobiologia, 362: 21–30.

EGERTON, B.F.; HETTONEN, P.; JUSSILA, J.;MANNONNEN, A.; PAASONEN, P.;
TAUGBOL, T.; EDSMAN, L.; SOUTY-GROSSET,C. 2004 Understanding the causes of disease in European freshwater crayfish. Conservation Biology, 18: 1466–1474.

FARIA, A.C.E.A.; HAYASHI, C.; SOARES, C.M. 2001 Predação de larvas de pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus, Holmberg) por copépodes ciclopóides (Mesocyclops longisetus, Thiébaud) em diferentes densidades e ambientes e com diferentes contrastes visuais. Acta Scientiarum,23(2): 497-502.

FERNANDES, J.B.K.; CARNEIRO, D.J.;SAKOMURA, N.K. 2000 Fontes e níveis de proteína bruta em dietas para alevinos de pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus). Revista brasileira de Zootecnia, 29(3): 646-653.

FIGUERAS, A.J. 1986 Alimentación de Palaemon adspersus (Rathke, 1837) y Palaemon serratus (Pennant, 1777) (Decapoda Natantia) en la ría de Vigo (N.O. España). Cahiers de Biologie Marine,27: 77–99.

FREGADOLLI, C.H. 2003 Laboratory analysis of predation by cyclopoid copepods on firstfeeding larvae of cultured Brazilian fishes. Aquaculture, 228: 1-4.

GHERARDI, F. 2007 Measuring the impact of freshwater: what are we missing? In: GHERARDI,F. Biological Invaders in Inland Waters: Profiles, Distribution, and Threats. Dordrecht: Springer.p.437–462.

HOLTHUIS, L.B. 1952 A general revision of the Palaemonidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Natantia) of the Americas. II. The subfamily Palaemonidae. 1ª ed.Los Angeles: Occasional Papers - AlIan Hancock Foundalion Publications. 396p.

IGNOR, A.A.; BOSCOLO, W.R.; FEIDEN, A. 2010 Proteína e energia na alimentação de pacus criados em tanques-rede. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 39(11): 2336-2341.

JOMORI, R.K.; CARNEIRO, D.J.; MALHEIROS, E.B.;PORTELLA, M.C. 2003 Growth and survival of pacu Piaractus mesopotamicus (Holmberg, 1887)juveniles reared in ponds or at different initial larviculture periods indoors. Aquaculture, 221(1):
277-287.

KENSLEY, B. e WALKER, I. 1982 Palaemonid shrimps from the Amazon basin, Brazil
(Crustacea: Decapoda: Natantia). Smithsonian Contributions in Zoology, 362(3): 1–28.

LACERDA, C.H.F.; HAYASHI, C.; SOARES, C.M.;FERNANDES, C.E.B. 2010 Influence of aquatic plants on the predation of Piaractus mesopotamicus larvae by Pantala flavescens. Acta Scientiarum: Biological Sciences, 32(2): 146-147.

LEITÃO, N.J.; PAI-SILVA, M.D.; de ALMEIDA,F.L.A.; PORTELLA, M.C. 2011 The influence of initial feeding on muscle development and growth in pacu Piaractus mesopotamicus larvae.Aquaculture, 315(1): 78-85.

MAGALHÃES, C.; BUENO, S.L.; BOND-BUCKUP,G.; VALENTI, W.C.; SILVA, H.M.; KIYOHARA, F.; MOSSOLIN, E.C.; ROCHA, S. 2005 Exotic species of freshwater decapod crustaceans in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil: records and possible causes of their introduction. Biodiversity and Conservation, 14: 1929-1945.

MARIA, A.N.; MURGAS, L.D.S.; SILVA, M.O.B.S.; MILIORINI, A.B.; FRANCISCATTO, R.T.;
LOGATO, P.V.R. 2004 Influência da adição de iodeto de potássio e citrato de sódio na
qualidade do sêmen de pacu (Piaractus mesopotmaicus – Holmberg, 1887). Ciências
Agrotécnicas, 28(1): 191-194.

MPA - MINISTÉRIO DA PESCA E AQUICULTURA. 2010 Boletim da Pesca e Aquicultura. 1ª. ed.Brasília. 129p.

MIYAZAKI, D.M.Y. e PITELLI, R.A. 2003 Estudo do potencial do pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus) como agente de controle biológico de Egeria densa, E. najas e Ceratophyllum demersum. Planta Daninha, 21: 53-59.

NAYLOR, R.L.; WILLIAMS, S.L.; STRONG, D.R.2001 Aquaculture a gateway for exotic species:(Policy forum: ecology) (controlling invasive species) (Statistical Data Included). Science,23(294) (5547): 1655.

NESSIMIAN, J.L. e de LIMA, I.H.A.G. 1997 Colonização de três espécies de macrófitas por macroinvertebrados aquáticos em um brejo no litoral do estado do Rio de Janeiro. Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia, 9: 149-163.

ODINETZ-COLLART, O. 1988 Aspectos ecológicos do camarão Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller, 1862) no baixo Tocantins (PA – Brasil). Memória. Sociedad de Ciências Naturales La Salle, 48: 341-353.

ODINETZ-COLLART, O. 1993 Ecologia e Potencial Pesqueiro do Camarão-Canela, Macrobrachium amazonicum, na Bacia Amazônica. In: FERREIRA,E.J.G.; SANTOS, G.M.; LEÃO, E.L.M.;OLIVEIRA, L.A. Bases Científicas para Estratégia de Preservação e Desenvolvimento da Amazônia.Manaus: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da
Amazônia. p.147-166.

ODINETZ-COLLART, O. e RABELO, H. 1996 Variation in egg size of the fresh - water prawn Macrobrachium amazonicum (Decapoda:Palaemonidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology,16(4): 684-688.

PANTALEÃO, J.A.F.; HIROSE, G.L.; COSTA. R.C.2012 Relative growth, morphological
sexual maturity, and size of Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller 1862) (Crustacea, Decapoda,Palaemonidae) in a population with an entirely freshwater life cycle. Invertebrate: Reproduction &Development, 53(3): 180-190.

RODRÍGUEZ, P.J. 2001 Exotic species introductions into South America: an underestimated threat?Biodiversity & Conservation, 10(11): 1983-1996.

ROOM, P.M. 1990 Ecology of a simple plantherbivore system. Biological control of Salvinia.Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 5(3): 74-79.

STRAYER, D.L. 2010 Alien species in fresh waters:ecological effects, interactions with ther stressors, and prospects for the future.Freshwater Biology, 55(1): 152-174.

TADDEI, F.G. 2006 Biologia populacional, reprodutiva e crescimento dos camarões Palemonídeos Macrobrachium jelskii (Miers, 1877) e Macrobrachium brasiliense (Heller, 1868) (Crustacea: Caridea) na região nordeste do Estado de São Paulo. Botucatu. 217p. (Tese de Doutorado. Instituto de Biociências, UNESP).

VALENTI, W.C. 1993 Freshwater prawn culture in Brazil. World Aquaculture, 29(1): 29-34.
Published
2018-11-15
How to Cite
SILVA, Thiago Elias da; TADDEI, Fabiano Gazzi. Oocytes' predation of Piaractus mesopotamicus ("pacu-caranha") by Macrobrachium amazonicum, under laboratory conditions. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, [S.l.], v. 40, n. 2, p. 207-214, nov. 2018. ISSN 1678-2305. Available at: <https://www.pesca.sp.gov.br/boletim/index.php/bip/article/view/1034>. Date accessed: 12 aug. 2022.