Waterborne calcium and nitrite interaction: survival, growth, hematological and metabolic parameters in silver catfish

  • Gabriel Cardoso NEVES Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Instituto de Oceanografia (IO), Laboratório de Aquicultura Continental (LAC)
  • Carine de Freitas SOUZA Universidade Federal de Santa Maria - UFSM, Departamento de Fisiologia e Farmacologia http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9978-0454
  • Alessandro Casale dos SANTOS Universidade Federal de Santa Maria - UFSM, Departamento de Fisiologia e Farmacologia http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4275-7074
  • Bernardo BALDISSEROTTO Universidade Federal de Santa Maria - UFSM, Departamento de Fisiologia e Farmacologia http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8770-0100
  • Jane Mello LOPES Universidade Federal do Maranhão − UFMA, Centro de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of different waterborne nitrite (NO2-) and calcium (Ca2+) levels on growth, biochemical and hematological parameters of silver catfish juvenile (Rhamdia quelen). Fish were submitted to low (0.05 mg L-1) or high (1.3 mg L-1) NO2 and low (7 mg L-1) or high (14 mg L-1) Ca2+ levels (four replicates) for 60 days. At the end of the experimental period, fish exposed to high NO2- showed lower weight gain, biomass and specific growth rate than those maintained at low NO2, irrespective of Ca2+ levels. Fish exposed to high NO2/low Ca2+ presented higher lactate levels in the muscle than control fish, but an increase of waterborne Ca2+ levels avoided this increase. Fish kept at high NO2/high Ca2+ showed higher lactate levels in the liver than those exposed to low NO2/high Ca2+. Exposure to high NO2 or high Ca2+ alone reduced hepatic glycogen, protein and glucose levels. Fish kept at high NO2/high Ca2+ presented a decrease in hemoglobin levels compared to those kept at low NO2/high Ca2+. Therefore, the use of 14 mg L-1 Ca2+ in water did not minimize the toxicity of nitrite for Ramdia quelen.

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Published
2017-09-25
How to Cite
NEVES, Gabriel Cardoso et al. Waterborne calcium and nitrite interaction: survival, growth, hematological and metabolic parameters in silver catfish. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, [S.l.], v. 43, n. 3, p. 408–416, sep. 2017. ISSN 1678-2305. Available at: <https://www.pesca.sp.gov.br/boletim/index.php/bip/article/view/1217>. Date accessed: 25 may 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.20950/1678-2305.2017v43n3p408.