Essential oil of Aloysia triphylla is effective in Nile tilapia transport

  • Rafael Rivas TEIXEIRA Universidade Federal da Bahia – UFBA, Programa de Pós-graduação em Zootecnia
  • Renilde Cordeiro de SOUZA Universidade Federal da Bahia – UFBA, Programa de Pós-graduação em Zootecnia
  • Artur Cedraz SENA Universidade Federal da Bahia – UFBA, Programa de Pós-graduação em Diversidade Animal
  • Bernardo BALDISSEROTTO Universidade Federal de Santa Maria – UFSM, Departamento de Fisiologia e Farmacologia http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8770-0100
  • Berta Maria HEINZMANN Universidade Federal de Santa Maria – UFSM, Departamento de Farmácia Industrial, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6509-949X
  • Carlos Eduardo COPATTI Universidade Federal da Bahia – UFBA, Programa de Pós-graduação em Zootecnia / Universidade Federal da Bahia – UFBA, Programa de Pós-graduação em Diversidade Animal http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0114-0334

Abstract

The study evaluated the use of the essential oil of Aloysia triphylla (EOAT) as stress reducer in transporting Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Juveniles were transported for 8 h in plastic bags by car with water containing 0 (control), 20 or 30 μL L-1 EOAT (three replicates). We evaluated water quality, net ion fluxes (Cl, Na+ and K+) and plasma parameters (cortisol, glucose, lactate and paraoxonase) and ventilatory rate (VR) of Nile tilapia. There was no mortality in juveniles undergoing transport. Nile tilapia transported with 20 or 30 μL L-1 EOAT presented lower pH than control group and with 30 μL L-1 EOAT presented lower water conductivity, alkalinity and Cl, Na+ and K+ net ion fluxes compared to other treatments. The EOAT did not alter plasma cortisol and paraoxonase levels, but reduced VR, and 30 μL L-1 EOAT reduced plasma glucose levels compared to the control group after transport. The use of 20 μL L-1 EOAT increased plasma lactate levels compared to other treatments. The use of 30 μL L-1 EOAT for sedation in 8 h transport of Nile tilapia is recommended because it improved water quality and reduced ionic losses, plasma glucose levels and VR.

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Published
2018-12-16
How to Cite
TEIXEIRA, Rafael Rivas et al. Essential oil of Aloysia triphylla is effective in Nile tilapia transport. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, [S.l.], v. 44, n. 1, p. 17-24, dec. 2018. ISSN 1678-2305. Available at: <https://www.pesca.sp.gov.br/boletim/index.php/bip/article/view/1274>. Date accessed: 25 may 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.20950/1678-2305.2018.263.