The present work aimed to record the first presence of abnormal age rings in Cathorops spixii lapillus otoliths from Cananeia-Iguape Estuarine-Lagoon Complex (CIELC), Southern region of Brazilian coast. In August 2018, 59 specimens of C. spixii (Siluriformes, Ariidae) were collected during one station sampling in the northern (n = 25) and another in the southern sector (n = 33) of CIELC. In general, among the otoliths that presented age ring alterations, this divergent zone was observed in opaque and translucent layers, on the right side, between the fifth and seventh age rings.


Avigliano, E.; Carvalho, B.; Velasco, G.; Tripodi, P.; Volpedo, A. 2017. Inter-annual variability in otolith chemistry of catfish Genidens barbus from South-western Atlantic estuaries. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 98(4): 855-865.

Azevedo, J.S.; Fernandez, W.S.; Farias, L.A.; Fávaro, D.T.I.; Braga, E.S. 2009. Use of Cathorops spixii as bioindicator of pollution of trace metals in the Santos Bay, Brazil. Ecotoxicology, 18: 577-586.

Azevedo, J.S.; Braga, E.S. 2011. Caracterização hidroquímica para qualificação ambiental dos estuários de Santos-São Vicente e Cananéia. Arquivos de Ciências do Mar, 44(2): 52-61.

Azevedo, J.S.; Braga, E.S.; Favaro, D.I.T.; Perretti, A.R.; Rezende, C.E.; Souza, C.M.M. 2011. Total mercury in sediments and in Brazilian Ariidae catfish from two estuaries under different anthropogenic influence. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 62(12): 2724-2731.

Azevedo, J.S.; Sarkis, J.E.S.; Hortellani, M.A.; Ladle, R.J. 2012a. Are Catfish (Ariidae) effective bioindicators for Pb, Cd, Hg, Cu and Zn? Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 223: 3911-3922.

Azevedo, J.S.; Braga, E.S.; Ribeiro, C.A. 2012b. Nuclear Abnormalities in Erythrocytes and Morphometric Indexes in the Catfish Cathorops spixii (Ariidae) from different sites on the Southeastern Brazilian Coast. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 60(3): 323-330.

Azevedo, J.S.; Vaz-dos-Santos, A.M.; Perin, S.; Braga, E.S.; Rossi-Wongtschowski, C.L.D.B. 2019. Cathorops spixii (Agassiz 1829) at the Cananéia-Iguape Estuarine system. In: Vaz-Dos-Santos, A.M.; Rossi-Wongtschowski, C.L.D.B. (eds.). Growth in fisheries resources from the Southwestern Atlantic, São Paulo: Instituto Oceanográfico – USP. 127p.

Barcellos, R.L.; Berbel, G.B.B.; Braga, E.S.; Furtado, V.V. 2005. Distribuição e características do fósforo sedimentar no sistema estuarino lagunar de Cananéia-Iguape, estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Geochimica Brasiliensis, 19: 22-36.

Barnes, T.C.; Gillanders, B.M. 2013. Combined effect of extrinsic and intrinsic factors on otolith chemistry: implications for environmental reconstructions. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 70(8): 1159-1166.

Bostanci, D.; Polat, N.; Kurucu, G.; Yedler, S.; Kontas, S.; Darçin, M. 2015. Using otolith shape and morphometry to identify four Alburnus species (A. chalcoides, A. escherichii, A. mossulensis and A. tarichi) in Turkish inland waters. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 31(6): 1013-1022.

Campana, S.; Thorrold, S.R. 2001. Otoliths, increments, and elements: keys to a comprehensive understanding of fish populations? Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 58(1): 30-38.

Carvalho, B.; Volpedo, A.; Albuquerque, C.Q.; Fávaro, L.F. 2019. First record of anomalous otoliths of Menticirrhus americanus in the South Atlantic. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 35(6): 1286-1291.

Carvalho, B.M.; Corrêa, M.F.M.; Volpedo, A. 2014. Lapillus otoliths of the Cathorops spixii (Agassiz, 1829) and Genidens genidens (Cuvier, 1829) (Actinopterygii, Ariidae). Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences, 36(3): 343-347.

Chiozzini, V.G.; Agostinho, K.L.; Delfim, R.; Braga, E. 2010. Tide influence on hydrochemical parameters in two coastal regions of São Paulo (Brazil) under different environmental occupations. In: Safety, Health and Environment World Congress, 1, São Paulo, 2010. Proceedings... São Paulo: COPEC – Science and Education Research Council. p. 25-28.

Dantas, D.V.; Barletta, M.; Costa, M.F.; Barbosa, S.C.T.; Possatto, F.E.; Ramos, J.A.A.; Lima, A.R.A.; Saint-Paul, U. 2010. Movement patterns of catfishes (Ariidae) in a tropical semi-arid estuary. Journal of Fish Biology, 76(10): 2540-2557.

David, A.; Grimes, C.B.; Isely, J.J. 1994. Vaterite sagittal otoliths in hatchery-reared juvenile red drums. Progressive Fish-Culturist, 56(4): 301-303. reared juvenile red drums. Progressive Fish-Culturist, 56(4): 301-303.<0301:VSOIHR>2.3.CO;2.

Denadai, M.; Pombo, M.; Santos, F.B.; Bessa, E.; Ferreira, A.; Turra, A. 2013. Population dynamics and diet of the Madamango Sea Catfish Cathorops spixii (Agassiz, 1829) (Siluriformes: Ariidae) in a tropical bight in Southeastern Brazil. PLoS One, 8(11): e81257.

Fallini, G.; Fermani, S.; Vanzo, S.; Miletic, M.; Zaffino, G. 2005. Influence on the formation of aragonite or vaterite by otolith macromolecules. Europen Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 2005(1): 162-167.

Figueiredo, J.L.; Menezes, N.A. 1978. Manual de Peixes Marinhos do Sudeste do Brasil, Teleostei (1). São Paulo: Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo. 110p.

Gomes, I.D.; Araújo, F.G.; Azevêdo, M.C.C.; Pessanha, A.L.M. 1999. Biologia reprodutiva dos bagres marinhos Genidens genidens (Valenciennes) e Cathorops spixii (Agassiz) (Siluriformes, Ariidae), na baía de Sepetiba, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 16(suppl 2): 171-180.

Grønkjær, P. 2016. Otoliths as individual indicators: a reappraisal of the link between fish physiology and otolith characteristics. Marine and Freshwater Research, 67(7): 881-888.

Katayama, S. 2018. A description of four types of otolith opaque zone. Fisheries Science, 84: 735-745.

Kontas, S.; Bostanci, D.; Yedier, S.; Kurucu, G.; Polat, N. 2018. Investigation of fluctuating asymmetry in the four otolith characters of Merlangius merlangus collected from Middle Black Sea. Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences, 4(2): 128-138.

Ma, T.; Kuroki, M.; Miller, M.J.; Ishida, R.; Tsukamoto, K. 2008. Morphology and microchemistry of abnormal otoliths in the ayu, Plecoglossus altivelis. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 83: 155-167.

Maciel, T.R.; Vaz-dos-Santos, A.M.; Vianna, M. 2018. Can otoliths of Genidens genidens (Cuvier 1829) (Siluriformes: Ariidae) reveal differences in life strategies of males and females? Environmental Biology of Fishes, 101(11): 1589-1598.

Mahiques, M.M.; Burone, J.; Figueira, R.C.L.; Lavenére-Wanderley, A.A.O.; Capellari, B.; Rogacheski, C.E.; Barroso, C.P.; Samaritano, L.A.; Cordero, L.A.; Cussioli, M.C. 2009. Anthropogenic influences in a lagoonal environment: a multiproxy approach at the Valo Grande mouth, Cananéia-Iguape System (SE Brazil). Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 57(4): 325-337.

Mahiques, M.M.; Figueira, R.C.L.; Salaroli, A.B.; Alves, D.P.V.; Gonçalves, C. 2013. 150 years of anthropogenic metal input in a biosphere reserve: the case study of the Cananéia–Iguape coastal system, southeastern Brazil. Environmental Earth Sciences, 68: 1073-1087.

Mendoza, R.P.R. 2006. Otolith and their applications in fishery science. Ribarstvo, 64: 89-102.

Mille, T.M.; Mahé, K.; Cachera, M.; Villanueva, M.C., de Pontual, H., Ernande, B. 2016. Diet is correlated with otolith shape in marine fish. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 555: 167-184.

Mishima, M.; Tanji, S. 1981. Distribuição geográfica dos bagres marinhos (Osteichthyes, Ariidae) no Complexo Estuarino-Lagunar de Cananéia (25°S, 48°W). Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, 8: 157-172.

Morales-Nin, B.Y.O. 1987. The influence of environmental factors on microstructure of otoliths of three demersal fish species caught off Namibia. South African Journal of Marine Science, 5(1): 255-262.

Morat, F.; Gibert, P.; Reynauld, N.; Testi, N.; Fayriou, P.; Raymond, V.; Carrei, G.; Maire, A. 2018. Spatial distribution, total length frequencies and otolith morphometry as tools to analyse the effects of a flash flood on populations of roach (Rutilus rutilus). Ecology Freshwater Fish, 27(1): 421-432.

Morrison, C.M.; Kunegel-Lion, M.; Gallagher, C.P.; Wastle, R.J.; Lea, E.V.; Loewen, T.M.; Reist, J.D.; Howland, K.L.; Tierney, K.B. 2019. Decoupling of otolith and somatic growth during anadromous migration in a northern salmonid. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 76(11): 1940-1953.

Oliveira, M.A.; Novelli, R. 2005. Idade e crescimento do bagre Genidens genidens na barra do Açu, Norte do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Tropical Oceanography, 33(1): 57-66.

Panfili, J.; Meunier, F.J.; Mosegaard, H.; Troadec, H.; Wright, P.J.; Geffen, A.J. 2002. Otoliths. In: Panfili, J.; De Pontual, H.; Troadec, H.; Wright, P.J. (eds.). Manual of fish sclerochronology. Brest, France: Ifremer-IRD coedition. 464p.

Payan, P.; Pontual, H.; Boeuf, G.; Mayer-Gostan, N. 2004. Endolymph chemistry and otolith growth in fish. Comptes Rendus. Palevol, 3(6-7): 535-547.

Pecoraro, G.D.; Hortellani, M.A.; Hagiwara, Y.S.; Braga, E.S.; Sarkis, J.E.; Azevedo, J.S. 2018. Bioaccumulation of total mercury (THg) in catfish (Siluriformes, Ariidae) with different sexual maturity from Cananéia-Iguape Estuary, SP, Brazil. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 102: 175-179.

Pisam, M.; Payan, P.; LeMoal, C.; Edeyer, A.; Boeuf, G.; Mayer-Gostan, N. 1998. Ultrastructural study of the saccular epithelium of the inner ear of two teleosts, Oncorhynchus mykiss and Psetta maxima. Cell and Tissue Research, 294: 261-270.

Popper, A.N.; Ramcharitar, J.; Campana, S.E. 2005. Why otolith? Insights from inner ear physiology and fisheries biology. Marine and Freshwater Research, 56(5): 497-504.

Pracheil, B.M.; George, R.; Chakoumakos, B.C. 2019. Significance of otolith calcium carbonate crystal structure diversity to microchemistry studies. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 29: 569-588.

Prado, H.M.; Scilndwein, M.N.; Murrieta, R.S.S.; Junior, D.R.N.; Souza, E.P.; Cunha-Lignon, M.; Mahiques, M.M.; Giannini, P.C.F.; Contente, R.F. 2019. O Canal do Valo Grande no Complexo Estuarino Cananéia-Iguape (SP, Brasil): história ambiental, ecologia e perspectivas futuras. Ambiente & Sociedade, 22: e01822.

RAMSAR. 2017. Brazil: environmental protection Area of Cananéia-Iguape-Peruíbe. Gland: Ramsar Information Sheet. 28p.

Rogers, T.A.; Fowler, A.J.; Steer, M.A.; Gillanders, B.M. 2019. Resolving the early life history of King George whiting (Sillaginodes punctatus: Perciformes) using otolith microstructure and trace element chemistry. Marine and Freshwater Research, 70(12): 1659-1674.

Sánchez, R.O.; Martinez, V.H. 2017. Morphological variations of the three otoliths of some species of the family Loricariidae (Ostariophysi: Siluriformes). Neotropical Ichthyology, 15(1): e160058.

Santana, H.S.; Tos, C.D.; Minte-Vera, C.V. 2020. A review on the age and growth studies of freshwater fish in South America. Fisheries Research, 222: e105410.

Sparre, P.; Venema, S.C. 1998. Introduction to tropical fish stock assessment. Part 1. Manual. Rome: FAO. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, vol. 306, 407p.

Thomas, O.R.B.; Swearer, S.E. 2019. Otolith biochemistry: a review. Reviews in Fisheries Science & Aquaculture, 27(4): 458-489.

Tramonte, K.M.; Figueira, R.C.L.; Majer, A.P.; Ferreira, P.A.L.; Batista, M.F.; Ribeiro, A.P.; Mahiques, M.M. 2018. Geochemical behavior, environmental availability, and reconstruction of historical trends of Cu, Pb, and Zn in sediment cores of the Cananéia-Iguape coastal system, Southeastern Brazil. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 127: 1-9.

UNESCO – United Nations Education Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2011. MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory: biosphere reserve information. Available at: . Accessed: Jan. 25, 2020.

Vinagre, C.; Maia, A.; Amara, R.; Cabral, H.N. 2014. Anomalous otoliths in juveniles of common sole, Solea solea, and Senegal sole, Solea senegalensis. Marine Biology Research, 10(5): 523-529.

Winkler, A.C.; Duncan, M.I.; Farthing, M.W.; Potts, W.M. 2019. Sectioned or whole otoliths? A global review of hard structure preparation techniques used in ageing sparid fishes. Reviews in Fisheries Science & Aquaculture, 29: 605-611.

Wright, P.J.; Panfili, J.; Morales-Nin, B.; Geffen, A.J. 2002. Otoliths. In: Panfili, J.; de Pontual, H.; Troadec H.; Wright, P.J. (eds.). Manual of fish sclerochronology. 1st ed. Brest, France: Ifremer-Ird coedition. 464p.

Yedier, S.; Bostanci, D.; Kontas, S.; Kurucu, G.; Polat, N. 2018. Fluctuating Asymmetry in otolith dimensions of Trachurus mediterraneus collected from the Middle Black Sea. Acta Biologica Turcica, 31(4): 152-159.

Yedier, S.; Bostanci, D. 2019. Aberrant crystallization of Blackbellied angler Lophius budegassa Spinola, 1807 otoliths. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 60: 527-533.

Yedier, S.; Bostanci, D. 2020. Aberrant otoliths in four marine fishes from the Aegean Sea, Black Sea, and Sea of Marmara (Turkey). Regional Studies in Marine Science, 34: e101011.
How to Cite
MORAIS, Igor Souza de; AZEVEDO, Juliana de Souza. THE FIRST REPORT OF ABNORMAL AGE RINGS IN OTOLITHS LAPILLUS OF ARIIDS CATFISH. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, [S.l.], v. 47, june 2021. ISSN 1678-2305. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 02 dec. 2021. doi:
Short Communication