FISHING IN THE LARGEST PERENE HYPERSALINE LAGOON IN SOUTH AMERICA, WITH NOTES ON CURRENT REGULATIONS

Abstract

Araruama Lagoon (Rio de Janeiro) is the largest hypersaline lagoon in South America. The aim of this study was to survey fishing landings, capture areas and production at this lagoon, in addition to analyzing data from the Pescarte Census. Fishing landings were monitored daily by community agents from March to August/2009, through the Petrobras Mosaico Program. Thirteen landing points were identified in five municipalities, totaling 8,096 recorded landings, and accumulating 469.1 tonnes. São Pedro da Aldeia (39.6%), Arraial do Cabo (27.7%) and areas in the central region (37.6%) and the south coast (29.1%) of the lagoon presented the highest landings and catch volumes. Twelve species were identified, mainly Pogonias courbina (48.9%) and Penaeus spp (33.8%), and gillnets were the most important fishing gear. Very few studies have addressed fishing at Araruama Lagoon, leading to current planning measures supported by little data. We advocate a participatory review of current regulations, to better address gillnet fishing and the capture of different fish species. This study is the result of research financed by the Pescarte Environmental Education Project, a mitigation measure required by the Federal Environmental Licensing, conducted by IBAMA.

References

Ajemian, M.J.; Mendenhall, K.S.; Pollack, J.B.; Wetz, M.S.; Stunz, G.W. 2018. Moving forward in a reverse estuary: habitat use and movement patterns of Black Drum (Pogonias cromis) under distinct hydrological regimes. Estuaries and Coasts, 41: 1410-1421. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12237-017-0363-6.

Almeida-Silva, P.H.; Tubino, R.A.; Zambrano, L.C.; Hunder, D.A.; Garritano, S.R.; Monteiro-Neto, C. 2015. Trophic ecology and food consumption of fishes in a hypersaline tropical lagoon. Journal of Fish Biology, 86(6): 1781-1795. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.12689.

Barroso, L.V.; Fabiano, F.F.C. 1995. Estudo da pesca com artes fixas na Lagoa de Araruama (RJ). Oecologia Brasiliensis, 1(1): 569-585.

Bernardes, L.M.C.; Bernardes, N. 1950. Pesca no litoral do Rio de Janeiro. Revista Brasileira de Geografia, 12(1): 17-53.

Bidegain, P.; Bezerril, C. 2002. Lagoa de Araruama: perfil ambiental do maior ecossistema lagunar hipersalino do mundo. Rio de Janeiro: SEMADS. 160p.

Brasil. 2013. Instrução Normativa Interministerial MPA/MMA nº 2, de 16 de maio de 2013. Estabelece critérios para pesca na Lagoa Aruarama no Rio de Janeiro. Diário Oficial da União, Brasília, 17 de maio de 2013, nº. 94, Seção 01: p. 125-127.

Brasil. 2020. Portaria Conjunta nº 14, de 07 de julho de 2020. Estabelece novos procedimentos para a análise dos requerimentos de Seguro-Desemprego do Pescador Profissional Artesanal - SDPA. Diário Oficial da União, Brasília, 09 de julho de 2020, nº. 130, Seção 01: p. 62.

Costa, R.C.; Fransoz, A.; Melo, G.A.S.; Freire, F.A.M. 2003. An illustrated key for dendrobranchiata shrimps from the northern coast of São Paulo, Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 3(1): BN01503012003. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1676-06032003000100011.

Cruz, L.R.; Santos, L.N.; Santos, A.F.G.N. 2018. Changes of fish trophic guilds in Araruama Lagoon, Brazil: What can be inferred about functioning and structure of hypersaline lagoons?. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 211: 90-99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2017.11.024.

D’incao, F.; Valentini, H.; Rodrigues, L.F. 2002. Avaliação da pesca de camarões nas regiões Sudeste e Sul do Brasil 1965-1999. Atlântica, 24(2): 103-116.

Ecodebate. 2009. Site de informações, artigos e notícias socioambientais. [online] URL: .

FIPERJ – Fundação Instituto de Pesca do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. 2014. Relatório Final. 2014. Secretaria de Desenvolvimento Regional Abastecimento e Pesca, Rio de Janeiro. 141p. Available at: . Accessed: Dec. 09, 2018.

Gomes, A.P.P.; Keunecke, K.A.; Silva, D.R.; Vianna, M. 2013. Modulating reproduction of Penaeide shrimps: ecological responses of two simpatric species (Decapoda: Dendrobranchiata) on south-eastern Brazilian coast. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 93(3): 733-740. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315412000835.

Kjerfve, B.; Schettini, C.A.F.; Knoppers, B.; Lessad, G.; Ferreira, H.O. 1996. Hydrology and salt balance in a large, hypersaline coastal lagoon: Lagoa de Araruama, Brazil. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 42(6): 701-725. https://doi.org/10.1006/ecss.1996.0045.

Lima, N.R.W.; Bizzeril, C.R.S.F.; Caniçali, M.R.; Suzuki, M.S.; Assumpção, J. 2001. Atividade de pesca durante a abertura da barra da Lagoa de Iquipari, São João da Barra, RJ. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, 27(2): 191-200.

Olsen, Z. 2019. Quantifying nursery habitat function: Variation in habitat suitability linked to mortality and growth for juvenile black drum in a hypersaline estuary. Marine and Coastal Fisheries, 11(1): 86-96. https://doi.org/10.1002/mcf2.10064.

Saad, A.M. 2003. Composição, distribuição espacial, dinâmica de populações de peixes e estatística pesqueira na Lagoa Hipersalina de Araruama, RJ. São Carlos. 105f. (Doctoral Thesis, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, UFSCar). Available at: . Accessed: Nov. 15, 2021.

Sales, N.D.; Baeta, A.S.B.V.; Lima, L.G.; Pessanha, A.L.M. 2018. Do the shallow-water habitats of a hypersaline tropical estuary act as nursery grounds for fishes? Marine Ecology, 39(1): e12473. https://doi.org/10.1111/maec.12473.

Sales, N.S.; Dias, T.L.P.; Baeta, A.; Pessanha, A.L.M. 2016. Dependence of juvenile reef fishes on semi-arid hypersaline estuary microhabitats as nurseries. Journal of Fish Biology, 89(1): 661-679. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.13006.

Seixas, C.S. 2004. Instituições e manejo pesqueiro: o caso da lagoa de Ibiraquera, SC. In: Begossi, A. (org.). Ecologia de Pescadores da Mata Atlântica e da Amazônia. São Paulo: HUCITEC. pp. 285-312.

Slack-Smith, R.J. 1974. Administração da pesca artesanal na Lagoa de Araruama. Rio de Janeiro: SUDEPE/PDP/FAO. 28p.
Published
2021-12-29
How to Cite
MACEDO, Márcio Luís Chagas et al. FISHING IN THE LARGEST PERENE HYPERSALINE LAGOON IN SOUTH AMERICA, WITH NOTES ON CURRENT REGULATIONS. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, [S.l.], v. 47, dec. 2021. ISSN 1678-2305. Available at: <https://www.pesca.sp.gov.br/boletim/index.php/bip/article/view/1650>. Date accessed: 23 may 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.20950/1678-2305/bip.2021.47.e658.
Section
Scientific Article