FOOD ACCEPTANCE IN DIFFERENT LARVAL STAGES OF <i>Macrobrachium carcinus</i>

  • Cassia Barbosa CONSTANTINIDIS Universidade Federal da Bahia - UFBA, Escola de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Programa de Pós- Graduação em Zootecnia. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5638-3360
  • Mariana Cutolo de ARAUJO Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia - UFRB, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Ambiental e Biológicas, Laboratório de Carcinicultura. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8082-0225

Abstract

Food acceptance in different larval stages of Macrobrachium carcinus was evaluated by investigating the stage at which the ingestion of inert moist diet food begins and by the incidence of Artemia nauplii and inert moist diet in the digestive tract throughout development. Two experiments were carried out: in the first study, the acceptance of the inert diet was evaluated in 60 larvae of each stage (I to XII) fed ad libitum after two hours of fasting. The inert diet was 100% accepted at zoea stage V. In the second study, newly hatched larva was then kept in larval tanks and fed with Artemia nauplii and inert moist diet simultaneously. Fifteen minutes after feeding, 50 specimens of each larval stage were examined and evaluated for the ingestion of these foods. Larvae at stage I did not feed, while larvae at stage II consumed both live and inert food. From the stage of zoea IX, the exclusive consumption of Artemia nauplii was not verified. These data indicate that feeding M. carcinus in larviculture can be initiated at stage II with inert moist diet and Artemia nauplii, and an exclusive supply of inert moist diet from stage IX can be recommended.

References

Ache, B.W. 1982. Chemoreception and thermoreception. In: Atwood, H.L.; Sandeman, D.C. (eds). The biology of Crustacea. Neurobiology, structure and function. New York: Academic Press. pp. 369-398. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-106403-7.50017-3.

Araujo, M.C.; Valenti, W.C. 2007. Feeding habit of the Amazon river prawn Macrobrachium amazonicum larvae. Aquaculture, 265(1-4): 187-193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2007.01.016.

Araujo, M.C.; Valenti, W.C. 2011. Efeito da intensidade luminosa no desenvolvimento larval do camarão-da-amazônia, Macrobrachium amazonicum. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, 37(2): 155-164.

Araujo, M.C.; Valenti, W.C. 2017. Effects of feeding strategy on larval development of the Amazon River prawn Macrobrachium amazonicum. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 46(2): 85-90. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1806-92902017000200001.

Aviz, M.A.B.; Abrunhosa, F.A.; Maciel, M.; Maciel, C.R. 2018. On feeding of the freshwater prawn larvae Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, 44(4): e373. https://doi.org/10.20950/1678-2305.2018.44.4.373.

Barros, H.P.; Valenti, W.C. 1997. Comportamento alimentar do camarão de água doce, Macrobrachium rosenbergii (DE MAN) (Crustacea, Palaemonidae) durante a fase larval: análise qualitativa. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 14(4): 785-793. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81751997000400003.

Barros, H.P.; Valenti, W.C. 2003. Food intake of Macrobrachium rosenbergii during larval development. Aquaculture, 216(1-4): 165-176. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(02)00505-7.

Boyd, C.E.; D’Abramo, L.R.; Glencross, B.D.; Huyben, D.C.; Juarez, L.M.; Lockwood, G.S.; McNevin, A.A.; Tacon, A.G.J.; Teletchea, F.; Tomasso Juniorr, J.R.; Tucker, C.S.; Valenti, W.C. 2020. Achieving sustainable aquaculture: Historical and current perspectives and future needs and challenges. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 51(3): 578-633. https://doi.org/10.1111/jwas.12714.

Choudhury, P.C. 1971. Complete larval development of the Palaemonidae shrimp Macrobrachium carcinus (L.), reared in the laboratory (Decapoda, Palaemonidae). Crustaceana, 20(1): 51-69. https://doi.org/10.1163/156854071X00526.

Coelho-Filho, P.A.; Gonçalvez, A.P.; Barros, H.P. 2018. Artemia nauplii intake by Macrobrachium carcinus at different larval stages in laboratory. Aquaculture, 484: 333-337. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2017.07.035.

Dhont, J.; Wille, M.; Frinsko, M.; Coyle, S.D.; Sorgeloos, P. 2010. Larval feeds and feeding. In: New, M.B.; Valenti, W.C.; Tidwell, J.H.; D’Abramo, L.R.; Kutty, M.N. (eds). Freshwater Prawns: biology farming. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell. p. 86–107. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444314649.ch6.

Kutty, M.N.; Valenti, W.C. 2010. Culture of other freshwater prawn species In: New, M.B., Valenti, W.C.; Tidwell, J.H.; D’Abramo, L.R.; Kutty, M.N. (eds.). Freshwater prawns: biology farming. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. p. 502-523. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444314649.ch23.

Lara, L.R.; Wehrtmann, I.S. 2009. Reproductive biology of the freshwater shrimp Macrobrachium carcinus (L.) (Decapoda: Palaemonidae) from Costa Rica, Central America. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 29(3): 343-349. https://doi.org/10.1651/08-3109.1.

Lavens, P.; Sorgeloos, P. 2000. The history, present status and prospects of the availability of Artemia cysts for Aquaculture. Aquaculture, 181(3-4): 397-403. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(99)00233-1.

Loya-Javellana, G.N. 1989. Ingestion saturation and growth responses of Penaeus monodon larvae to food density. Aquaculture, 81(3-4): 329-336. https://doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(89)90157-9.

Méndez-Martínez, Y.; García-Guerrero, M.U.; Lora-Vilchis, M.C.; Martínez-Córdova, L.R.; Arcos-Ortega, F.G.; Alpuche, J.J.; Cortés-Jacinto, E. 2018. Nutritional effect of Artemia nauplii enriched with Tetraselmis suecica and Chaetoceros calcitrans microalgae on growth and survival on the river prawn Macrobrachium americanum larvae. Aquaculture International, 26: 1001-1015. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-018-0264-0.

Rocha, C.P.; Quadros, M.L.A.; Maciel, M.; Maciel, C.R.; Abrunhosa, F.A. 2018. Morphological changes in the structure and function of the feeding appendages and foregut of the larvae and first juvenile of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium acanthurus. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 98(4): 713-720. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315416001855.

Rocha, C.P.; Souza, A.S.; Maciel, M.; Maciel, C.R.; Abrunhosa, F.A. 2016. Development and functional morphology of the mouthparts and foregut in larvae and post-larvae of Macrobrachium jelskii (Decapoda: Palaemonidae). Arthropod Structure & Development, 45(3): 242-252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asd.2016.02.001.

Santos, E.P.; Leal, A.L.G.; Silva, P.M.M.; Correia, E.S. 2007. Influência de diferentes dietas na sobrevivência larval do camarão de água doce Macrobrachium carcinus (Linnaeus, 1758). Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences, 29(2): 121-124. https://doi.org/10.4025/actascibiolsci.v29i2.444.

Sokal, R.R.; Rohlf, F.J. 1995. Biometry. New York: Freeman. 887p.

Sorgeloos, P.; Léger, P. 1992. Improved larviculture outputs of marine fish, shrimp and prawn. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 23(4): 251-264. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-7345.1992.tb00788.x.

Valenti, W.C. 2007. Current status of freshwater prawn culture in Brazil. In: Nair, C.M.; Nambudiri, D.D.; Jose, S.; Sankaran, T.M.; Jayachandran, K.V.; Salin, K.R. (eds). Freshwater Prawns: Advances in biology, aquaculture and marketing. New Delhi: Allied Publishers. p. 105-110.

Valenti, W.C.; Daniels, W.H. 2000. Recirculation hatchery systems and management. In: New, M.B.; Valenti, W.C. (eds). Freshwater Prawn Culture Farming Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Oxford: Blackwell Science. p. 69-90. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470999554.ch6.

Valenti, W.C.; Daniels, W.H.; New, M.B.; Correia, E.S. 2010. Hatchery systems and management. In: New, M.B.; Valenti, W.C.; Tidwell, J.H.; D’Abramo, L.R.; Kutty, M.N. (eds). Freshwater prawns: biology and farming. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. p. 55-85. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444314649.ch5.

Valenti, W.C.; Flickinger, D.L. 2020. Freshwater caridean culture. In: Lovrich, G.; Thiel, M. (eds). Fisheries and aquaculture. v. 9. USA: Oxford University Press Inc. 584 p. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190865627.003.0009.

Valenti, W.C.; Mallasen, M.; Silva, C.A. 1998. Larvicultura em sistema fechado dinâmico. In: Valenti, W.C. (ed.). Carcinicultura de Água Doce: tecnologia para a produção de camarões. Brasília: IBAMA. p. 112-139.

Yúfera, M.; Rodríguez, A. 1985. Effect of prey density on feeding rates during larval rearing of Palaemon serratus Pennant (Crustacea: Palaemonidae). Aquaculture, 50(1-2): 31-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(85)90150-4.
Published
2021-11-15
How to Cite
CONSTANTINIDIS, Cassia Barbosa; ARAUJO, Mariana Cutolo de. FOOD ACCEPTANCE IN DIFFERENT LARVAL STAGES OF Macrobrachium carcinus. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, [S.l.], v. 47, nov. 2021. ISSN 1678-2305. Available at: <https://www.pesca.sp.gov.br/boletim/index.php/bip/article/view/1658>. Date accessed: 07 july 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.20950/1678-2305/bip.2021.47.e666.
Section
Scientific Article