Reproduction and recruitment of the seabob shrimp: a threatened exploitation species in southeastern of Brazil

  • Evelyn Raposo da SILVA NUPEM. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
  • Gustavo Sérgio SANCINETTI Núcleo de Estudos em Biologia, Ecologia e Cultivo de Crustáceos (NEBECC), Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, UNESP http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4815-2471
  • Adilson FRANSOZO Núcleo de Estudos em Biologia, Ecologia e Cultivo de Crustáceos (NEBECC), Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, UNESP
  • Rogerio Caetano da COSTA Laboratório de Biologia de Camarões Marinhos e de Água Doce (L ABCAM), Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Faculdade de Ciências, UNESP http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1342-7340
  • Alexandre AZEVEDO NUPEM. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)

Abstract

This study evaluated the reproductive period and recruitment of the threatened exploitation shrimp Xiphopenaeus kroyeri (Heller) in the southeastern coast of Brazil. Monthly samples were carried out from March 2008 to February 2010 distributed in stations located inside (5, 10 and 15 m deep) and outside (25, 35 and 45 m deep) areas using a fishery boat equipped with an otter-trawl net. Water samples were catch for determination of temperature and salinity, and sediment samples, for determination of texture and organic matter content. The reproductive period was determined by monthly amount (%) of females with mature gonads (ED+DE). The differences in sex ratio were assessed using a Chi-square (χ2) test. A Principal Components Analysis (PCA) was performed for an overview of the environmental variables, and Redundancy Analysis (RDA) was performed to assess the relationship between abiotic factors and reproductive activity and recruitment. The size (carapace length) at the onset of sexual maturity was 10 mm and 12 mm for males and females, respectively. Reproductive females (based on gonad development) were found in all sampled months, with remarkable or conspicuous peaks during winter and summer. The input of young recruits occurred one to two months after the increase of reproductive females. It was verified an optimal of temperature range for reproductive females, from 21 to 24°C. These results provide subsidies that can assist in making decisions about protecting priorities and in monitoring the population stocks of this important fishery resource.


 

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Published
2018-07-07
How to Cite
DA SILVA, Evelyn Raposo et al. Reproduction and recruitment of the seabob shrimp: a threatened exploitation species in southeastern of Brazil. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, [S.l.], v. 41, n. 1, p. 157 - 172, july 2018. ISSN 1678-2305. Available at: <https://www.pesca.sp.gov.br/boletim/index.php/bip/article/view/41_1_157-172>. Date accessed: 25 may 2022.