Meat yield of the mangrove crab, Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus, 1763) (Crustacea, Brachyura, Ucididae)

  • Marcelo Antonio Amaro PINHEIRO Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Campus Experimental do Litoral Paulista (CLP), Grupo de Pesquisa em Biologia de Crustáceos (CRUSTA) / Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Biológicas (Zoologia), Instituto de Biociências, UNESP Campus de Rio Claro
  • Caroline Araújo SOUZA Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Biológicas (Zoologia), Instituto de Biociências, UNESP Campus de Rio Claro
  • Hirasilva BORBA Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias (FCA), Campus de Jaboticabal, Departamento de Tecnologia


Specimens of Ucides cordatus were captured from September 1998 to September 2000 in mangroves from Iguape, SP, Brazil (24°41’25''S – 47°27’48''W) and analyzed by sex, biological period (reproductive, October to March; and non-reproductive, from April to September) and size. The meat yield of each corporal structure, and the residuals were quantified. Each crab was measured (carapace width) with a vernier caliper (0.05 mm) and their corporal structures weighed with an analytic scale (0.0001 g). Biometric variables were previously tested (normality and homoscedasticity) with indication of a statistical parametric procedure (ANOVA) at 5% significance level. Males had higher wet weight than females, the same occurring when their corporal structures were compared (p<0.05). The meat yield in males was of 25.4%, a little above that registered in females (21.1%); meat yield hierarchy among corporal structures was very similar between sexes and biological periods, but differing in relation to chelipeds, which were bigger in males. During the reproductive period, males had a bigger meat yield due to their size when compared to males of non-reproductive period, as well as with females independently of their biological period. The expressive meat yield in males can be explained by the positive allometric growth of the chelipeds after puberty molt, when this structure grows proportionally more than the body itself, accounting for 40% of the total wet weight in this gender.


AMOUROUX, J.M. and TAVARES, M. 2005 Natural recovery of Amazonian mangrove Forest as
revealed by brachyuran crab fauna: preliminary description. Vie et Milieu-Life and Environment,
55: 71-79.

ASSIS, O.B.G. and BRITTO, D. 2008 Processo básico de extração de quitinas e produção de quitosana a partir de resíduos da carnicicultura. Revista Brasileira de Agrociência, 14(1): 91-100.

BARBOZA, R.S.L.; NEUMANN-LEITÃO, S.; BARBOZA, M.S.L.; BATISTA-LEITE, L.M.A.2008 Fui no mangue catar lixo, pegar caranguejo, conversar com o urubu: Estudo socioeconômico dos catadores de caranguejo no litoral norte de Pernambuco. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia de
Pesca, 3: 117-134.

BARRENTO, S.; MARQUES, A.; TEIXEIRA, B.;CARVALHO, M.L.; VAZ-PIRES, P; NUNES,M.L. 2009a Accumulation of elements (S, As, Br,Sr, Cd, Hg, Pb) in two populations of Cancer pagurus: Ecological implications to human consumption. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 47:150–156.

BARRENTO, S.; MARQUES, A.; TEIXEIRA, B.;ANACLETO, P.; VAZ-PIRES, P.; NUNES, M.L. 2009b Effect of season on the chemicalcomposition and nutritional quality of the edible crab Cancer pagurus. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57: 10814-10824

BARRENTO, S.; MARQUES, A.; TEIXEIRA, B.;MENDES, R.; BANDARRA, N.; VAZ-PIRES, P.;NUNES, M.L. 2010 Chemical composition,cholesterol, fatty acid and amino acid in two populations of brown crab Cancer pagurus:Ecological and human health implications.Journal of Food Composition and Analysis,23(7): 716-725.

BENCHIMOL, R.L.; SUTTON, J.C.; DIAS-FILHOS,M.B. 2006 Potencialidade da casca de caranguejo
na redução da incidência de fusariose e na promoção do crescimento de mudas de pimenteira-do-reino. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 31:180-184.

BERBER, S. and BALIK, S. 2009 The length-weight relationships and meat yield of crayfish (Astacus
leptodactylus Eschcholtz, 1823) population in Apolyont Lake (Bursa, Turkey). Journal of Fisheries, 3(2): 86-99.

BOßELMANN, F.; ROMANO, P.; FABRITIUS, H.;RAABE, D.; EPPLE, M. 2007 The composition of the exoskeleton of two crustacea: The American lobster Homarus americanus and the edible crab
Cancer pagurus. Thermochimica Acta, 463: 65-68.

CAMPANA-FILHO, S.P.; BRITTO, D.; CURTI, E.;ABREU, F.R.; CARDOSO, M.B.; BATTISTI, M.V.;SIM, P.C.; GOY, R.C.; SIGNINI, R.; LAVALL,R.L. 2007 Extração, estruturas e propriedades de α- e β-quitina. Química Nova, 30(3): 644-650.

CANNICI, S.; BURROWS, D.; FRATINI, S.; SMITH,T.J.; OFFENBERG, J. 2008 Faunal impact on
vegetation structure and ecosystem function in mangrove forests: a review. Aquatic Botany, 89:

CAVALCANTE, A.N.; ALMEIDA, Z.S.; PAZ, A.C.;NAHUM, V.J.I. 2011 Análise multidimensional
do sistema de produção pesqueira caranguejouçá, Ucides cordatus, no Município de Araioses,
Maranhão – Brasil. Arquivo de Ciências do Mar,44(3): 87-98.

CHERIF, S.; FAKHER, F.; GARGOURI, Y.; MILED,N. 2008 Fatty acid composition of green crab (Carcinus mediterraneus) from the Tunisian mediterranean coasts. Food Chemistry, 111(4):

CHINNAMMA, G.; RAJAGOPALAN UNNITHAN,G.; GOPAKUMAR, K. 1986 Morphometric measurements as an index for estimating yield of meat in shell fishes. 1. Crab (Scylla serrata)
Forskal. Fishery Technology, 33(2): 196-198.

CHIOU, T.K. and HUANG, J.P. 2003 Chemical constituents in the abdominal muscle of cultured
mud crab Scylla serrata in relation to seasonal variation and maturation. Fisheries Science, 69:

CIFUENTES, A.T. and QUIÑINAO, J.F. 2000 Composición y vida útil de carne cocida de cangrejo dorado (Chaceon chilensis) proveniente del archipiélago de Juan Fernández, Chile.Investigaciones Marinas, 28: 195-202.

COSTA, T.V. da; OSHIRO, L.M.Y.; FLOR, H.R. 2012 Chemical Composition of the Edible Part and
the Waste of Brachyuras. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, A2: 690-695.

CHRISTOFOLETTI, R.A.; HATTORI, G.Y.; PINHEIRO, M.A.A. 2013 Food selection by a mangrove crab: temporal changes in fasted animals. Hydrobiologia, 702: 63-72

D'ACHIARDI-NAVAS, W. and ALVAREZ-LEON, R. 2012 Aspects of the fishery biology and processing of blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, and red crab, C. bocourti, in coastal lagoons of the Colombian Caribbean Sea: a comparative study. Arquivos de Ciências do Mar, 45(2): 17-31.

DALABONA, G.; LOYOLA e SILVA, J.; PINHEIRO, M.A.A. 2005 Size at morphological maturity of
Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus, 1763) (Brachyura, Ocypodidae). Brazilian Archives of Biology and
Technology, 48: 139-145.

ELNER, R.W. and BENINGER, P.G. 1995 Multiple reproductive strategies in snow crab, Chionoecetes opilio: Physiological pathways and behavioral plasticity. Journal of Experimental
Marine Biology and Ecology, 193: 93-112

FERNÁNDEZ, M.; BOCK, C.; PÖTNER, M.-O. 2000 The cost of being a caring mother: the ignored
factor in the reproduction of marine invertebrates. Ecology Letters, 3: 487-494.

GRISI, T.C.S. and GORLACH-LIRA, K. 2005 Actin of nisin and high pH on growth Staphylococcus
aureus and Salmonella sp. in culture and in the meat of land crab (Ucides cordatus). Brazilian
Journal of Microbiology, 36: 151-156.

HARLIOĞLU, M.M. 1999 The relationships between length-weight, and meat yield of freshwater
crayfish, Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, in the Agin Region of Keban Dam Lake. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 23(3): 949-957.

HARLIOĞLU, M.M. and HOLDICH, D.M. 2001 Meat yields in the introduced freshwater crayfish,
Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana) and Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, from British waters.
Aquaculture Research, 32: 411-417.

HARLIOĞLU, M.M. and GÜNER, U. 2006 Studies on the recently discovered crayfish, Austropotamobius torrentium (Shrank, 1803), in Turkey: morphological analysis and meat yield.
Aquaculture Research, 37: 538-542.

HARTNOLL, R.G. 1969 Mating in Brachyura.Crustaceana, 16: 161-181.

HARTNOLL, R.G. 2006 Reproductive investment in Brachyura. Hydrobiologia, 557: 31-40.

HATTORI, G.Y. and PINHEIRO, M.A.A. 2003 Fertilidade do caranguejo de mangue Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus, 1763) (Crustacea, Brachyura, Ocypodidae), em Iguape (SP), Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 20: 309-313.

HATTORI, G.Y.; SANT’ANNA, B.S.; PINHEIRO,M.A.A. 2006 Meat yield of Callinectes bocourti A.Milne Edwards, 1879 (Crustacea, Portunidae) in Iguape, São Paulo, Brazil. Investigaciones Marinas,
34: 231-236.

HINES, A.H. 1988 Fecundity and reproductive output in two species of deep-sea crabs, Geryon
fenneri and G. quinquedens (Decapoda:Brachyura). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 8:557-562.

IBAMA - INSTITUTO BRASILEIRO DO MEIO AMBIENTE E DOS RECURSOS NATURAIS RENOVÁVEIS. 2003a PORTARIA n° 34, de 24 de junho de 2003. Dispõe do ordenamento da cata do caranguejo-uçá (Ucides cordatus) nas regiões norte e nordeste do Brasil. Diário Oficial da União¸ Brasília, 25 de junho de 2003, nº 120,Seção 1: p.39.

IBAMA - INSTITUTO BRASILEIRO DO MEIO AMBIENTE E DOS RECURSOS NATURAIS RENOVÁVEIS. 2003b PORTARIA n° 52, de 30 de setembro de 2003. Dispõe da avaliação e ordenamento do caranguejo-uçá (Ucides cordatus) das regiões Sudeste e Sul do Brasil. Diário Oficial da União, Brasília, 02 de outubro de 2003, nº 191, Seção 1: p.123.

IBAMA - INSTITUTO BRASILEIRO DO MEIO AMBIENTE E DOS RECURSOS NATURAIS RENOVÁVEIS. 2011 Proposta de Plano Nacional de Gestão para o uso sustentável do caranguejo-uçá, do
guaiamum e do siri-azul. Dias-Neto, J. (Ed.),Brasília: MMA/IBAMA. 156p.

IHAKA, R. and GENTLEMAN, R. 1996 R: Alanguage for data analysis and graphics. Journal
of Computational and Graphical Statistics, 5(3):299-314.

LALRINSANGA, P.L.; PILLAI, B.R.; PATRA, G.;MOHANTY, S.; NAIK, N.K.; DAS, R.R.; SAHU, S.; NELLIYOURA, R. 2014 Yield characteristics and morphometric relationships of giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man, 1879). Aquaculture International, 22(3):1053-1066.

LEGAT, J.F.A.; MOTA, R.I.; PUCHNIK, A.;BITTENCOURT, C.; SANTANA, W.S. 2006 Considerations about Ucides cordatus fishing in the Parnaíba River Delta Region, Brazil. Journal of Coastal Research, 39: 1281-1283.

LOBÃO, V.L.; MANDELLE, M.Q.; TAKINO, M.;VALENTI, W.C. 1984 Rendimento, congelamento, cozimento, princípios químicos imediatos e minerais em carne de Macrobrachium acanthurus e Macrobrachium carcinus. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, 11: 25-34.

LOBÃO, V.L.; ROJAS, N.E.T.; BARROS, H.P. 1988 Rendimento e princípios químicos imediatos em
carne de Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man) (Decapoda, Paleomonidae). Boletim do Instituto
de Pesca, 15: 81-87.

MACHADO, D. 2007 Catadoras de caranguejo e saberes tradicionais na conservação de manguezais da Amazônia Brasileira. Estudos Feministas, 15(2): 485-490.

MARQUES, A.; TEIXEIRA, B.; BARRENTO, S.;ANACLETO, P.; CARVALHO, M.L.; NUNES, M.L. 2010 Chemical composition of Atlantic spider crab Maja brachydactyla: Human health implications. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 23: 230-237

MARTINS, M.C. 2009 As narradoras de Itaoca. In: MENDONÇA-FILHO, M. and NOBRE, M.T.Política e afetividade: narrativas e trajetórias de pesquisa. Salvador: EDUFBA; São Cristovão:EDUFES, p. 247-270.

MATHAI, A. and DEVI, K.S. 1993 Studies on the biochemical composition of the muscle of the
edible marine crab Scylla serrata. Indian Journal of Comparative Animal Physiology, 11(2): 155-161.

MELO, G.A.S. 1996 Manual de identificação dos Brachyura (caranguejos e siris) do litoral brasileiro.Plêiade/FAPESP, São Paulo, 603p.

MONTEIRO, M.A.B.; OLIVEIRA, F.P.; ARAÚJO,J.N.; FERNANDES, M.E.B. 2014 Productive chain of the mangrove crab (Ucides cordatus) in the town of Bragança, in the Northern Brazilian State of Para (Amazon Region). Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue 70: 443-447.

MOTA-ALVES, M.I. 1975 Sobre a reprodução do caranguejo-uçá, Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus), em
mangues do Estado do Ceará (Brasil). Arquivos de Ciências do Mar, 15: 85-91.

NACZK, M.; WILLIAMS, J.; BRENNAN, K.;LIYANAPATHIRANA, C.; SHAHIDI, F. 2004 Compositional characteristics of green crab (Carcinus maenas). Food Chemistry, 88: 429-434.

NAGARAJU, G.P.C. 2011 Reproductive regulators in decapod crustaceans: an overview. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 214, 3-16.

OGAWA, M.; ALVES, T.T.; BRAZ-FILHO, R.;RODRIGUES, A.S.; MAIA, E.L. 1973 Industrialização do caranguejo uçá Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus). II - Aproveitamento dos resíduos e carapaça. Arquivos de Ciências do Mar,13: 83-89.

OGAWA, M.; SILVA, A.I.M. da, OGAWA, N.B.P.;MAIA, E.L.; NUNES, M.L. 2008 Adequações tecnológicas no processamento da carne de caranguejo. Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos, 28:

OLIVEIRA, L.P.H. 1946 Estudos biológicos e ecológicos dos crustáceos comestíveis uçá e guaiamum, Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus) e Cardisoma guanhumi (Latreille) Brachyura, Gecarcinidae. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 44: 295-322.

OSHIRO, L.M.Y.; SILVA, R.; SILVEIRA, C.M. 1999 Rendimento de carne nos caranguejos guaiá,
Menippe nodifrons Stimpson, 1859 e guaiamum,Cardisoma guanhumi Latreille, 1825 (Crustacea,
Decapoda, Brachyura) da Baía de Septiba. Acta Biologica Leopoldensia, 20: 83-88.

OSTRENSKY, A.; STERNHAIN, U.S.; BRUN, E.;WEGBECHER, F.X.; PESTANA, D. 1995 Análise da viabilidade técnico-econômica dos cultivos do caranguejo-uçá Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus,
1763) no litoral paranaense. Arquivos de Biologia e Tecnologia, 38: 939-947.

PAYEN, G.G. 1980-81 Aspects fondamentaux de I'endocrinologie de la reproduction chez les
crustaces marins. Oceanis, 6: 309-339.

PEÑA, J.C.; VIVES-JIMÉNEZ, F.; SOLANO-LÓPEZ,V. 1994 Tamaños y proporción sexual de Ucides
occidentalis (Crustacea: Gecarcinidae) em um manglar de Costa Rica. Uniciencia, 11: 97-99.

PINHEIRO, M.A.A. and FISCARELLI, A.G. 2001 Manual de apoio à fiscalização do caranguejo-uçá
(Ucides cordatus). Itajaí: CEPSUL/IBAMA. 43p.

PINHEIRO, M.A.A. and FISCARELLI, A.G. 2009 Length-weight relationship of the carapace and
condition factor of the mangrove crab Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus, 1763) (Crustacea, Brachyura,
Ucididae). Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 52: 397-406.

PINHEIRO, M.A.A. and FRANSOZO, A. 1999 Reproductive behavior of the swimming crab Arenaeus cribrarius (Lamarck, 1818) (Crustacea, Brachyura, Portunidae) in captivity.Bulletin of Marine Science, 64(2): 243-253.

PINHEIRO, M.A.A. and TERCEIRO, O.S.L. 2000 Fecundity and reproductive output of the speckled swimming crab Arenaeus cribrarius (Lamarck, 1818) (Brachyura, Portunidae).Crustaceana, 73: 1121-1137.

PINHEIRO, M.A.A. and HATTORI G.Y. 2006 Relative growth of the mangrove crab Ucides cordatus (Crustacea, Brachyura, Ocypodidae) at Iguape (SP), Brazil. Brazilian Archives of Biology
and Technology, 49: 813-823.

PINHEIRO, M.A.A.; BAVELONI, M.D.; TERCEIRO,O.S.L. 2003 Fecundity of the mangrove crab Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus, 1763) (Crustacea, Brachyura, Ocypodidae) at Iguape, SP, Brazil.International Journal of Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, 43: 19-26.

do caranguejo Ucides cordatus (Decapoda:Ocypodidae) e o processo de gestão participativa para normatização da atividade na região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, 26: 63-78.

SHAO, L.; WANG, C.; HE, J.; WY, X.G.; CHENG,Y.X. 2014 Meat quality of chinese mitten crabs
fattened with natural and formulated diets. Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology,23(1): 59-72.

SOKAL, R.R. and ROHLF, F.J. 2003 Biometry: The principles and practice of statistics in biological
research. New York: W.H. Freeman, 3rd ed., 887p.

SUMPTON, W.D. 1990 Morphometric growth and fisheries biology of the crab, Charybdis natator
(Herbst) in Moreton Bay, Australia (Decapoda,Brachyura). Crustaceana, 59(2): 113-120.

SWETHA, C.H.; SAINATH, S.B.; REDDY, P.R.;REDDY, P.S. 2011 Reproductive endocrinology of female crustaceans: perspective and prospective. Journal of Marine Science Research and Development, S3: 1-13.

VIEIRA, R.H.S.F.; LIMA, E.A.; SOUSA, D.B.R.; REIS,E.F.; COSTA, R.G.; RODRIGUES, D.P. 2004 Vibrio spp. and Salmonella spp., presence and susceptibility in crab Ucides cordatus. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, 46:179-182.

VIJAYAVEL, K. and BALASUBRAMANIAN, M.P.2006 Fluctuations of biochemical constituents and marker enzymes as a consequence of naphthalene toxicity in the edible estuarine crab Scylla serrata. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 63: 141-147.

WOLFF, M.; KOCH, V.; ISAAC, V. 2000 A trophic flow model of the Caeté Mangrove Estuary (North Brazil) with considerations and for the sustainable use of its resources. Estuarine, Coast and Shelf Science, 50: 789-803.

WOLL, A.K.; van DER MEEREN, G.I.; TUENE, S.2006 Quality improvement by feeding wildcaught edible crab (Cancer pagurus L.): a pilot study. Aquatic Research, 37: 1487-1496.

WU, X.; ZHOU, B.; CHENG, Y.; ZENG, C.; WANG,C. & FENG, L. 2010 Comparison of gender differences in biochemical composition and nutritional value of various edible parts of the
blue swimmer crab. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 23(2): 154-159.
How to Cite
PINHEIRO, Marcelo Antonio Amaro; SOUZA, Caroline Araújo; BORBA, Hirasilva. Meat yield of the mangrove crab, Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus, 1763) (Crustacea, Brachyura, Ucididae). Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, [S.l.], v. 41, n. 1, p. 43 - 56, july 2018. ISSN 1678-2305. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 25 may 2022.