Growth of juvenile dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus at three different diets

  • Fabrício Menezes RAMOS Mestrando em Ciência Ambiental – UFPA. Laboratório de Ictioparasitologia e Piscicultura, Universidade Federal do Pará http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9790-0598
  • Eduardo Gomes SANCHES Pesquisador Científico, Doutor. Núcleo de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento do Litoral Norte, Instituto de Pesca/APTA/SAA
  • Rodrigo Yudi FUJIMOTO Professor Titular. Laboratório de Ictioparasitologia e Piscicultura, Universidade Federal do Pará
  • Kelly Ferreira COTTENS Pesquisadora. ICMBio
  • Vinicius Ronzani CERQUEIRA Professor Titular. Laboratório de Piscicultura Marinha, Departamento de Aquicultura, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Abstract

This study evaluated the growth of the dusky grouper submitted to different diets. A sample of fishes (5.56 ± 0.84 g and 7.1 ± 0.4 cm total length) was captured in the nature and distributed in 12 tanks (80 L, 15 fishes tank-1). They were fed with three different diets (diet 1 = commercial ration; diet 2 = mussel; diet 3 = sardine) for 60 days. The variables of water quality (water temperature, oxygen level, total ammonia and salinity) were maintained inside ideal parameters for the species. No significant differences among the tested diets on the performance indicators (survival rate, specific-growth rate and daily growth rate) were found, although diet 1 (commercial ration) provided similar performance as natural food. Its facility of supply, stockpiling and handling make it as the better choice for the growth of the studied species on the tested conditions.

References

ABDULLAH, M.S.; WUAN, T.O.; KAWAHARA, S.1987 Preliminary studies in stocking density and production of hamoor Epinephelus tauvina in PVC-lined raceways. Journal of World Aquaculture Society, Baton Rouge, 18(4): 126-132.

BOGLIONE, C.; MARINO, G.; GIGANTI, M.;LONGOBARDI, A.; DE MARZI, P.; CATAUDELLA, S. 2009 Skeletal anomalies in dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe 1834) juveniles reared with different methodologies and larval densities. Aquaculture, Amsterdam, 291: 48–60.

BOMBEO-TUBURAN, I.; CONIZA, E.B.; RODRIGUES, E.M.; AGBAYANI, R. 2001
Culture and economics of wild grouper (Epinephelus coioides) using three feed types in ponds. Aquaculture, Amsterdam, 201: 229-240.

BORGES, J.C.S.; SANCHES, E.G.; OLIVEIRA, M.S.;SILVA, J.R.M.C. 2010 Anatomia e histologia gastrintestinal da garoupa-verdadeira Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834) (Teleostei,Serranidae). Acta Scientiarum Biological Sciences,Maringá, 32(4): 407-414.

BOTERO, J.Y. e OSPINA, J.F. 2003 Crecimiento y desempeño general de juveniles silvestres de Epinephelus itajara in condiciones de cultivo. Boletim Investigaciones Marinhas Costeiras, Santa Marta, 32: 25-36.

BRUSLÉ, J. 1985 Exposé synoptique dês donées biologiques sur lês mérous Epinephelus aeneus (Geoffroy Saint Hilaire, 1809) et Epinephelus guaza (Linnaeus, 1758) de I`Océan Atlantique et dela Mediterranée. Roma: FAO Synopsis Pêches. 64 p.

CHOU, R. e LEE, H.B. 1997 Commercial marine fish farming in Singapure.Aquaculture Research, Oxford, 28: 767-776.

GARCIA-LÓPEZ, V.; GARCIA, T.; GAXIOLA, G.; PACHECO, J. 2003 Efecto del nível de proteína em la dieta y alimentos comerciales sobre el crescimento y la alimentacion en juveniles de róbalo blanco Centropomus undecimalis (Bloch,1792). Ciencias Marinas, Madri, 29(4): 585-594.

GRACIA LÓPEZ, V. e CASTELLÓ-ORVAY, F.2003 Preliminary data on the culture of
juveniles of the dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834). Hidrobiológica, Madri,13(4): 321-327.

GRACIA LÓPEZ, V. e CASTELLÓ-ORVAY, F. 2005 Hábitos alimenticios de los meros, Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834) y Epinephelus costae (Steindachner, 1878) de la costa mediterránea de España. Hidrobiológica, Madri, 15(1): 27-34.

IUCN 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.Disponível em: http://www.iucnredlist.org.Acesso em: 10 jun. 2011.

IZQUIERDO, M.S.; FERNÁNDEZ-PALACIOS, H.;TACON, A.G.J. 2001 Effect of broodstock
nutrition on reproductive performance of fish.Aquaculture, Amsterdam, 197:25–42.

JAMES, C.M.; AL-THOBAITI, S.A.; RASEM, B.M.;CARLOS, M.H. 1998 Comparative growth of brown-marbled grouper Epinephelus fuscoguttatus (Forsskal) and camouflage grouper E. polyphekadion (Bleeker) under hatchery and growout culture conditions. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, 11(2): 78-86.

LIN, H.Z.; LIU, Y.J.; HE, J.G.; ZHENG, W.H.; TIAN, L.X. 2007 Alternative vegetable lipid sources in diets for grouper Epinephelus coioides (Hamilton):effects on growth and muscle and liver fatty acid composition. Aquaculture Research, Oxford, 38:1605-1611.

MACHADO, L.F.; ANDRADE, A.B.; HOSTIMSILVA, M.; BARREIROS, J.P. 2003 Habitat use
by the juvenile dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus and relative abundance, in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology, Oxford, 6(4): 133-138.

MACHADO, L.F.; DAROS, F.A.M.L.; BERTONCINI,A.A.; HOSTIM-SILVA, M.; BARREIROS, J.P. 2008 Feeding strategy and trophic ontogeny in Epinephelus marginatus (Serranidae) from Southern Brazil. Cybium, Lisboa, 32(1): 33-41.

MARINO, G.; PANINI, E.; LONGOBARDI, A.;MANDICH, A.; FINOIA, M.G.; ZOHAR, Y.;
MYLONAS, C.C. 2003 Induction of ovulation in captive-reared dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834), with a sustainedrelease GnRHa implant. Aquaculture,Amsterdam, 219: 841–858.

NEPA-UNICAMP 2006 Tabela Brasileira de Composição de Alimentos. Campinas: Unicamp. 113p.

OSTINI, S; OLIVEIRA, I.R; SERRALHEIRO, P.C.S.;SANCHES, E.G. 2007 Criação do robalo-peva (Centropomus parallelus) submetido a diferentes densidades de estocagem. Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produção Animal, Salvador, 8(3): 250-257.

RACHMANSYAH, U.; PALINGGI, N.N.;WILLIAMS, K. 2009 Formulated feed for tiger
grouper grow-out. Aquaculture Asia Magazine,Manila, 4(3): 30-35.

RODRIGUES FILHO, J.A.; SANCHES, E.G.; GARCIA,C.E.O.; PANNUTI, C.V.; SEBASTIANI, E.F.;MOREIRA, R.G. 2009 Threatened fishes of the world: Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834) (Serranidae: Epinephelinae). Environmental Biology of Fishes, Oxford, 85:301–302.

RUSSO, T.; SCARDI, M.; BOGLIONE, C.; CATAUDELLA, S. 2011 Application of the selforganizing map to the study of skeletal anomalies in aquaculture: the case of dusky grouper (Epinephelus marginatus Lowe, 1834)juveniles reared under different rearing conditions. Aquaculture, Amsterdam, 315: 69–77.

SALAZAR, A. e SANCHEZ, J. 1988 Aspectos biológico pesqueros del mero Epinephelus morio de la flota artesanal de las costas de Yucatán, México. Proceedings of the 41st Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute, p.422-430.

SANCHES, E.G. 2007 Piscicultura marinha no Brasil: uma alternativa de produção e conservação.Aquicultura & Pesca, São Paulo, 12: 16–22.

SANCHES, E.G.; AZEVEDO, V.G.; COSTA, M.R.2007 Criação da garoupa-verdadeira Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834) (Teleostei, Serranidae)alimentada com rejeito de pesca e ração úmida em tanques-rede. Atlântica, Rio Grande, 29(2):121-126.

SANCHES, E.G.; OLIVEIRA, I.R.; SERRALHEIRO,P.C.S. 2009 Crioconservação do sêmen da garoupa-verdadeira Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834) (Teleostei, Serranidae). Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, São Paulo, 35(3): 389-399.

SANCHES, E.G.; OLIVEIRA, I.R.; SERRALHEIRO,P.C.S.; OSTINI, S. 2011 Cultivo do robalo-peva, Centropomus parallelus, em sistema de recirculação marinho. Arquivo de Ciências do Mar,Fortaleza, 44(1): 40-46.

SIM, S.Y.; RIMMER, M.; WILLIAMS, K.; TOLEDO, J.D.; SUGAMA, K.; RUMEGAN, I.; WILLIAMS, K.C.; PHILLIPS, M.J. 2005 A pratical guide to feeds and feed management for cultured groupers. Bangkok: NACA. 18p.

TUCKER, J.W. Jr. 1998 Marine Fish Culture. Baton Rouge: Kluwer Academia Publishers. 750p.

WILLIANS, K.C.; IRVIN, S.; BARDAY, M. 2004 Polka dot grouper Cromileptes altivelis
fingerlings require high protein and moderate lipid diets for optimal growth and nutrient retention. Aquaculture Nutrition, Amsterdam, 10:125-134.

ZAR, J.H. 1999 Biostatistical analysis. USA: Ed.Prentice Hall. 929p.

ZARZA-MEZA, E.A.; BERRUECOS-VILLALOBOS, J.M.; VÁSQUEZ-PELÁEZ, C.; ÁLVAREZTORRES, P. 2006 Experimental culture of snook Centropomus undecimalis and chucumite Centropomus parallelus (Peciformes:Centropomidae) in artisanal earthen ponds.Ciencias Marinas, Madri, 32(2): 219-227.
Published
2018-11-10
How to Cite
RAMOS, Fabrício Menezes et al. Growth of juvenile dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus at three different diets. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, [S.l.], v. 38, n. 1, p. 81 - 88, nov. 2018. ISSN 1678-2305. Available at: <https://www.pesca.sp.gov.br/boletim/index.php/bip/article/view/946>. Date accessed: 30 june 2022.
Section
Short Communication