Effect of stocking density on zootechnical parameters of shrimp Litopenaeus schmitti culturea

  • Jaime Elmer Quesada MÁRQUEZ Cristal Aquicultura LTDA
  • Edemar Roberto ANDREATTA Laboratório de Camarões Marinhos, Departamento de Aquicultura. Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
  • Luis VINATEA Bolsista de Produtividade CNPq. Laboratório de Camarões Marinhos, Departamento de Aquicultura. Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
  • Alfredo OLIVERA Bolsista de Produtividade CNPq. Laboratório de Camarões Marinhos, Departamento de Aquicultura. Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
  • Luis Otavio BRITO Doutorando em Recursos Pesqueiros e Aquicultura - UFRPE. Instituto Agronômico de Pernambuco - IPA, Departamento de Extensão Rural e Assistência Técnica.

Abstract

Litopenaeus schmitti post larvae (0.081 ± 0.01 g) were cultured at the Marine Shrimp Laboratory of Federal University of Santa Catarina (LCM – UFSC). The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of three stocking densities (8, 20 and 50 shrimp m-2) on zootechnical parameters. Shrimps were fed 4 times a day with a feeding rate that varied from 3 to 50% of biomass; water exchange varied from 5 to 50%. The data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by Tukey test to determine differences among treatments (P≤0.05). The results showed significant differences in productivity: 463.2, 918.5 and 2,340 kg ha-1 per cycle, representing the treatments 8, 20 and 50 shrimp m-2, respectively. Survival was over 90% for 20 and 50 shrimp m-2. Greatest final weight was obtained in the density of 8 shrimp m-2 (8.20 g) while in 20 and 50 shrimp m-2 densities the final weight were 4.95 and 5.38 g, respectively. The best weekly growth rate was obtained with 8 shrimp m-2 (0.55 g). Feed conversion rate (FCR) showed no significant differences and range from 3.58 and 4.43. Water quality variables (dissolved oxygen, pH, salinity, transparency, ammonium, nitrite, nitrate and total suspended solids) did not demonstrate significantly differences between treatments, being acceptable ranges for shrimp culture. These results indicate effect of stocking density on final weight (negative), weekly growth rate (negative) and productivity (positive).

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Published
2018-11-10
How to Cite
MÁRQUEZ, Jaime Elmer Quesada et al. Effect of stocking density on zootechnical parameters of shrimp Litopenaeus schmitti culturea. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, [S.l.], v. 38, n. 2, p. 145-153, nov. 2018. ISSN 1678-2305. Available at: <https://www.pesca.sp.gov.br/boletim/index.php/bip/article/view/952>. Date accessed: 23 may 2022.